The climate of Pavlodar area is of moderate type, sharp continental one. Long severe winters with steady snow and hot summers with slow precipitation. The average temperature in July is 21, 2 degs C above zero, in January - 17, 9 degs C below zero.
Since the mid-1960s, Pavlodar city has grown considerably to become a major industrial center, with tractor, aluminum, and chemical plants. An oil refinery was completed in 1978 in Pavlodar. As the location of a major tank factory, Pavlodar city was closed to foreigners until 1992.
Pavlodar city has regular railway and bus connection with all the settlements in Pavlodar oblast, with regional centers of Kazakhstan and foreign cities (Russian Federation, China, Germany). There are regular flights around Kazakhstan and charter flights to Russia, Germany, Turkey, China and Arab Emirates.
Pavlodar city street view
Pavlodar city, Kazakhstan street
Pavlodar city street
Pavlodar started its history in 1720, when an advanced post Koryakovsky was founded among other Russian fortresses and advanced posts on Irtysh River. It was called Koryakovsky due to nearness of storehouses with salt extracted at Koryakovsky Lake.
In the second half of 18th century Irtysh fortification lost its military importance. Fortresses and advanced posts turned into common settlements and stanitsas (large Cossack villages). Koryakovsky advanced post became one of salt-extracting centers in Siberia region. In 1838 it was reformed into stanitsa Koryakovskaya.
Advantageous location of the stanitsa: on the bank of the large navigable river, close to areas where deposits of lead, copper and silver were worked, crossroads of trade ways with nomad steppes - all these facts were very advantageous for economic development of the settlement.
In 1861 Koryakov received the status of the town with the name Pavlodar, in honor of newborn Great Prince Pavel Alexandrovich. A little later the town became the district center in Semipalatinskaya oblast. General plan of the town building was adopted - there is its copy in the museum of the city. In the 30s of 20 century all the churches in Pavlodar and minaret on the mosque were destroyed.