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Kazakhstan type of government

Kazakhstan Government type

Turkmenistan has is a

Government type: republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

Definition: This entry gives the basic form of government. Definitions of the major governmental terms are as follows. (Note that for some countries more than one definition applies.):

Absolute monarchy - a form of government where the monarch rules unhindered, i.e., without any laws, constitution, or legally organized oposition.

Anarchy - a condition of lawlessness or political disorder brought about by the absence of governmental authority.

Authoritarian - a form of government in which state authority is imposed onto many aspects of citizens' lives.

Commonwealth - a nation, state, or other political entity founded on law and united by a compact of the people for the common good.

Communist - a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single - often authoritarian - party holds power; state controls are imposed with the elimination of private ownership of property or capital while claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people (i.e., a classless society).

Confederacy (Confederation) - a union by compact or treaty between states, provinces, or territories, that creates a central government with limited powers; the constituent entities retain supreme authority over all matters except those delegated to the central government.

Constitutional - a government by or operating under an authoritative document (constitution) that sets forth the system of fundamental laws and principles that determines the nature, functions, and limits of that government.

Constitutional democracy - a form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution.

Constitutional monarchy - a system of government in which a monarch is guided by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom.

Democracy - a form of government in which the supreme power is retained by the people, but which is usually exercised indirectly through a system of representation and delegated authority periodically renewed.

Democratic republic - a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote for officers and representatives responsible to them.

robertharding Photographic Print of KazMunaiGas building home to the Oil and Gas Ministry, Astana, Kazakhstan
Home (robertharding)
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT You are purchasing one 30x20 inch (76x51cm) Print. If there is any difference between image and paper aspect ratio, instead of cropping the image...
  • High quality RA4 prints. Printed on high quality matte Fuji Film Crystal Archive Paper Type II for excellent color reproduction and image stability. Size refers...
  • Artwork Description KazMunaiGas building home to the Oil and Gas Ministry, Astana, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Asia.
  • For any queries regarding this choice of artwork please contact robertharding. Image (c) Jane Sweeney
  • To view this image on other products please search for code 7891913
robertharding Photographic Print of Nurzhol bulvar, central boulevard of Kazakhstan s new governmental and
Home (robertharding)
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINT You are purchasing one 14x11 inch (36x28cm) Print. If there is any difference between image and paper aspect ratio, instead of cropping the image...
  • High quality RA4 prints. Printed on high quality matte Fuji Film Crystal Archive Paper Type II for excellent color reproduction and image stability. Size refers...
  • Artwork Description Nurzhol bulvar, central boulevard of Kazakhstan s new governmental and administrative zone, Astana, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, Asia.
  • For any queries regarding this choice of artwork please contact robertharding. Image (c) Jane Sweeney
  • To view this image on other products please search for code 7891909

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Which type of crop insurance for Kazakhstan?

Risk plays an important role in agricultural decision-making, particularly in those regions that are remarkably exposed to natural hazards and underdeveloped input and output markets. This is especially true for crop production in CIS countries where many farms have to deal with low liquidity and sharp continental climate at the same time. The discussion paper analyses the results of expert interviews, a workshop with key-informants and a farm survey which investigated production conditions, risk attitudes and risk management techniques with respect to the requirements of a functioning …

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